Como determinar los puntos de control crítico (PCC)

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Como determinar los puntos de control crítico (PCC)

Un Punto de Control Crítico (PCC) es un punto, operación o etapa que requiere un control eficaz para eliminar o minimizar hasta niveles aceptables un “peligro para la seguridad alimentaria”.

Para poder determinar los PCC se precisa un modo de proceder lógico y sistematizado, como el uso de un árbol de decisiones, el cual es una secuencia de preguntas hechas para determinar si un punto de control es PCC o no lo es.

En cada una de las etapas , el árbol de decisiones, se debe aplicar a cada uno de los peligros identificados y a sus medidas preventivas.

Si se determina la existencia de un peligro en una fase y no existe ninguna otra medida preventiva que permita controlarlo, debe realizarse una modificación del producto o proceso que permita incluir la correspondiente medida preventiva.

Este árbol de decisiones se aplicará con flexibilidad y sentido común, sin perder la visión del conjunto del proceso de fabricación.

Es importante también que el equipo APPCC entienda la diferencia entre PCC y PC (Punto de Control) con el objeto de que sólo se clasifiquen como PCC los puntos relacionados con la seguridad.

A veces sucede que se establecen demasiados PCC con el objeto de garantizar con la máxima seguridad la inocuidad de los productos. Esto mina el sistema haciendo que pierda credibilidad y haciendo difícil su implantación. Por otro lado, escasos PCC pueden conducir a que un peligro esencial para la seguridad del alimento quede sin controlar.

La OMS, a través del Codex Alimentarius (CAC/RCP 1-1969, Rev.4-2003) , propone el siguiente árbol de decisiones para identificar los PCC:

puntos críticos

By |2018-02-01T11:25:42+00:00junio 15th, 2016|Alimentos, Temas de salud, T_alimentos|3 Comments


  1. Dr. Jamila Othman 25 diciembre, 2019 at 00:03 - Reply

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    • John Sanhok 28 abril, 2021 at 16:57 - Reply

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  2. […] 2. Determinar los puntos críticos de control (PCC). Los peligros se valoran según su impacto y probabilidad y de aquí salen los […]

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